Oculoplastics, or oculoplastic surgery, includes a wide variety of surgical procedures that deal with the orbit (eye socket), eyelids, tear ducts, and the face. It also deals with the reconstruction of the eye and associated structures. Oculoplastic surgeons (ophthalmic surgeons) are ophthalmologists (eye physicians) who complete 1–2 years of additional fellowship training following their ophthalmology residency. Other types of surgeons may be trained in oculoplastic procedures, including plastic surgeons.

Oculoplastic surgeons perform procedures such as the repair of droopy eyelids (blepharoplasty), repair of tear duct obstructions, orbital fracture repairs, removal of tumors in and around the eyes, eyelid reconstruction.

Oculoplastic Surgery, also known as Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive, Oculofacial or Eye Plastic Surgery, is a surgical subspecialty of Ophthalmology that deals with the medical and surgical management of deformities and abnormalities of the eyelids (entropion, ectropion, ptosis, swellings around the lids), lacrimal (tear) system, orbit (bony socket ie. Orbital tumours and orbital fractures) and the adjacent face (cosmetic lid and brow surgeries). An Oculoplastic Surgeon is an Ophthalmologist (medical doctor and eye surgeon) who has completed additional advanced training in plastic surgery as it relates to the eyes and surrounding structures.